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II. hippeis, in social and political sense, knights, forming an aristocracy in early Greek communities, Arist.Pol.1297b18, etc.;
at Eretria, ib.1306a35, Ath. 15.2; at Sparta, a royal bodyguard, Hdt.8.124, cf. 1.67, etc.;
esp. at Athens, the Second Class in Solon’s constitution, Arist.Ath.7.3;
later, an aristocratic corps of cavalry, Ar.Eq.225, And.3.5, Philoch. 100, etc.