This is a selection of books only, not every book I read or leafed through but the best of them, without reference to scholarly articles or the eternally useful Osprey books, or the equally useful, but now out of print WRG guides. I have mostly listed English translations of Classical authors, and as usual, my thanks goes out to the Perseus Project for making it so easy for an amateur classicist to look at the original text online.
Aeneas Tacitus, Asclepiodotus, Onasander (Loeb-Harvard 2001)
Aristophanes, Knights/Peace/Birds/Assemblywomen/Wealth (Penguin 1978)
Arrianus, Flavius, Tactical Handbook and Expedition Against the Alans (Ares 2003)
Arrianus, Flavius, The Campaigns of Alexander (Penguin 1976)
Austin, N.I.E., and Rankov, N.B., Exploratio (Routledge 1995)
Boardman, John, The History of Greek Vases (Thames and Hudson, London, 2001). The guide to the subject. Also the best look at how ancient Greeks viewed themselves.
Boardman, John, Greek Sculpture, the Archaic Period (Thames and Hudson Ltd London 1978)
Boardman, John, Early Greek Vase Painting (Thames and Hudson Ltd London 1998)
Bol, Battinger, Kuntz et al;, Olympische Forschungen Bandes I-XXIX (Walter de Gruyter, Berlin). Although these meticulous archaeological reports were prepared concerning the digs of the German Institute at Olympia, most of them are superb guides to the complete material culture of the period, in many cases referencing every artifact known. And thanks to all the various people who helped me with the German!
Brentjes, Burchard, Arms of the Saka (Rishi, 1996)
Burn, Lucilla, Hellenistic Art (British Museum 2004)
Camp, John M, The Archaeology of Athens (Yale University Press 2001)
Casson, Lionel, The Ancient Mariners (Princeton 1991)
Charriere, Georges, Scythian Art (Alpine 1979)
Connelly, Peter, Greece and Rome at War (Greenhill Books 2006)
Connelly, Peter, The Ancient City—Life in Classical Athens and Rome (Oxford University Press 1998)
Clough, Arthur Hugh (ed), Plutarch’s Lives (Modern Library New York 2001)
Crouwel, Joost H. and Littauer, Mary Aiken, Selected Writings on Chariots, other Early Vehicles, Riding, and Harness (Brill, 2002)
Cunliffe, Richard John, A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect (Blackie and Son, Glasgow, 1923). This invaluable little book helped shape the language of the Long War series. I keep asking myself—is this word in Homer?
Davidson, James, Courtesans and Fishcakes (St. Martin’s Press 1998)
Davidson, James, The Greeks And Greek Love: A Radical Reappraisal of Homosexuality In Ancient Greece (W and N, 2007). It is easy to pretend that homosexuality—or at least homoeroticism—didn’t lie underneath much of Greek culture. But that is pretend. It did, and this book helped me to get a handle on how to write about it—and then I received further help from the author. Thanks!
Davis-Kimball, Jeannine; Bashilov, Vladimir A.; Yablonsky, Leonid T., editors, Nomads of the Eurasian Steppes in the Early Iron Age (Zinat Press 1995)
De Jong, Brian, The Companion Guide to Greece (Boydell and Brewer, 2000)
Eliade, Mircea, Shamanism (Princeton, 1951) A seminal work, often referenced in other books—really good reading and very carefully written. Mostly about shamanism in 19th c. Siberia.
Engels, Donald W., Alexander the Great and the Logistics of the Macedonian Army (University of California, 1978)
Euripides; Mastronarde, Donald j., ed., Medea (Cambridge University Press 2002)
Fox, Robin Lane, Travelling Heroes; (Penguin, London, 2008). I’m not much for secondary sources—as a novelist, I like to tell my own stories. But this superb book was eye-opening in every way, and I recommend it—carefully researched and yet thought provoking and full of grand assertion.
Gaebel, Robert E., Cavalry Operations in the Ancient Greek World (University of Oklahoma 2002)
Georgiou, Andreas V., Pankration, An Olympic Combat Sport (Xlibris 2006)
Golvin, Jean-Claude, Ancient Cities Brought to Life (Thalamus Publishing, Ludlow, UK 2007)
Green, Peter, Alexander of Macedon (University of California, 1991)
–, Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic Age (Weidenfeld and Nicholson, 2007)
Greek Ministry of Culture; Yalouris, Nicholas et al, The Search for Alexander, An Exhibition (New York Graphic Society, 1980)
Graves, Robert, The White Goddess (Faber and Faber, 1961)
Griffith, G.T., Mercenaries of the Hellenistic World (Cambridge 1939)
Hampe, Roland and Simon, Erika, The Birth of Greek Art (Oxford 1981)
Hanson, Victor Davis, The Other Greeks: The Family Farm and the Agrarian Roots of Western Civilization (University of California Press 1999). So much I disagree with in this book—but Killer of Men would never have been written unless I’d read it. And one of the best works of Classical History I’ve ever read.
Hesiod and Theognis, Theogeny, Works and Days, Elegies (Penguin, 1973)
Herodotus, The Histories (Penguin Classics 2002)
Kincaid, C.A., Successors of Alexander the Great (London 1923)
Kirk, G.S. and Raven, J.E., The Pre-Socratic Philosophers; (Cambridge University Press 1966). If Nietzsche started me on Heraclitus, Kirk and Raven made his appearance in Killer of Men possible. Every known quote and allusion, even the Suda comments. A truly great piece of academic work.
Lattimore, Richmond, The Iliad of Homer (Chicago University Press 1971)
Lattimore, Richmond, The Odyssey of Homer (Harper Collins, Scranton, PA 1991)
Martin, Luther H., Hellenistic Religions (Oxford 1987)
Plato, Apology (Bolchazy-Carducci 2003)
Plato, Republic (Loeb-Harvard 1999)
Plutarch, The Age of Alexander (Penguin 1973)
Polyaeni, Strategematon (Woelfflin and Melber 1887)
Prevas, John, Envy of the Gods (Da Capo 2004)
Reeder, Ellen D., ed., Scythian Gold (Harry N. Abrams, New York 1999)
Robinson, C.A., The History of Alexander the Great (Providence 1953)
Rolle, Renate, The World of the Scythians (Bath Press 1980)
Rufus, Quintus Curtius, The History of Alexander (Penguin 1984)
Smyth, Herbert Weir, Greek Grammar (Harvard 1920)
Snodgrass, A.M., Arms and Armour of the Greeks (Cornell, 1967)
Speidel, Michael P., Riding for Caesar (Harvard 1994)
Spence, I.G., The Cavalry of Classical Greece (Oxford 1993)
Stoneman, Richard, trans., The Greek Alexander Romance (Penguin 1991)
Strassler, Robert B. (ed), The Landmark Herodotus—The Histories (Anchor Books 2009). An essential tool for the period, with superb notes to guide the layman.
Strassler, Robert B. (ed), The Landmark Thucydides (Free Press 1996)
Sweet, Waldo, Sport and Recreation in Ancient Greece (Oxford 1987)
Xenophon, Anabasis, (Loeb-Harvard 2001)
Xenophon, Memorabilia, Oeconomicus, Symposium, Apology (Loeb Harvard 1997)
Waldbaum, Jane C., Metalwork from Sardis: The Finds Through 1974 (Harvard University Press 1981). This little-known work was eye-opening on Asiatic and Ionian Greek culture.
Winter, F.E., Greek Fortifications, (University of Toronto Press, 1971). A rare book, but the finest guide to the archaic fortifications of Ionia and mainland Greece.